Proposed Changes to French Instruction

The following research and reference materials were considered in developing these recommendations.
A Framework for French as a Second Language in Ontario Schools, Kindergarten to Grade 12, 2013.

Bourgoin, Renee (2014). Inclusionary Practices in French Immersion: A Need to Link Research to Practice. Canadian Journal for New Scholars in Education. Volume 5, Issue 1. Download PDF Here

Bournot-Trites, M., & Reeder, K. (2001). Interdependence revisited: Mathematics achievement in an intensified French immersion program. The Canadian Modern Language Review, 58(1). Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press.

Including Students with Special Education Needs in French as a Second Language Programs, A Guide for Ontario Schools (2015). Ministry of Education, Ontario

MacFarlane, A. (2005). An Examination of Intensive French. A Pedagogical Strategy for the improvement of FSL Outcomes in Canada. A report prepared for the Canadian Association of Second Language Teachers. Retrievable from:

Ottawa-Carleton District School Board. (September 2007). Final Report: Review of French as a Second Language Programs, Elementary Phase. Nepean, ON: Ottawa-Carleton District School Board. Retrievable from:

Ottawa-Carleton District School Board. (October 2013). Technical Report: Grade 12 French Proficiency Test: Results from the 2012-2013 Administration. Nepean, ON: OttawaCarleton District School Board. Electronic copy available upon request.

Supporting Your Child’s Success in French Immersion and Extended French, Elementary Schools, 2014 (or 2015??). Ministry of Education, Ontario.

The Ontario Curriculum, French as A Second Language, Revised, 2013

Memo No. 15-189 - Proposed Changes to French as a Second Language Instruction in Kindergarten and Primary EFI – Research Brief
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