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    OCDSB > Programs > Secondary > Secondary School Courses

Science

SNC1D
Science, Grade 9, Academic

This course enables students to develop their understanding of basic concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to relate science to technology, society and the environment. Throughout the course students will develop their skills in the processes of scientific investigation. Students will acquire an understanding of scientific theories and conduct investigations related to sustainable ecosystems, atomic and molecular structures and the properties of elements and compounds, the study of the universe and its properties and components, and the principles of electricity.

Prerequisite: None

 

SNC1P
Science, Grade 9, Applied

This course enables students to develop their understanding of basic concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to apply their knowledge of science to everyday situations. They are also given opportunities to develop practical skills related to scientific investigation. Students will plan and conduct investigations into practical problems and issues related to the impact of human activity on ecosystems, the structure and properties of elements and compounds, space exploration and the components of the universe, and static and current electricity.

Prerequisite: None


SNC1L
Science, Grade 9, Locally Developed Compulsory Credit Course

This course emphasizes reinforcing and strengthening science-related knowledge and skills including scientific inquiry, critical thinking and the relationship between science, society, and the environment, to prepare students for success in everyday life, in the workplace and in the Science Grade 11 Workplace Preparation course. Students explore a range of topics including science in daily life, properties of common materials, life-sustaining processes in simple and complex organisms, and electrical circuits. Students have the opportunity to extend mathematical and scientific-process skills in reading, writing and oral language through relevant and practical science activities.

Prerequisite: None 


SNC2D
Science, Grade 10, Academic

This course enables students to enhance their understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics and of the interrelationships between science, technology, society, and the environment. Students are also given opportunities to further develop their scientific investigation skills. Students will plan and conduct investigations and develop their understanding of scientific theories related to the connections between cells and systems in animals and plants, chemical reactions, with a particular focus on acid-base reactions, forces that affect climate and climate change, and the interaction of light and matter.

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 9, Academic or Applied

 

 

SNC2P
Science, Grade 10, Applied

This course enables students to develop a deeper understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to apply their knowledge of science in real-world situations. Students are given opportunities to develop further practical skills in scientific investigation. Students will plan and conduct investigations into everyday problems and issues related to human cells and body systems, chemical reactions, factors affecting climate change, and the interaction of light and matter.

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 9, Academic or Applied

 

SNC2L
Science, Grade 10, Locally Developed Compulsory Credit Course

This course emphasizes reinforcing and strengthening sciencerelated knowledge and skills including scientific inquiry, critical thinking and the relationship between science, society, and the environment to prepare students for success in everyday life, in the workplace, and in the Science Grade 11 Workplace Preparation course. Students explore a range of topics including science in daily life, properties of common materials, life-sustaining processes in simple and complex organisms, and electrical circuits. Students have the opportunity to extend mathematical and scientific process skills and to continue developing their skills in reading, writing and oral language through relevant and practical science activities.

Prerequisite: None

 

SVN3M
Environmental Science, Grade 11, University/College Preparation

This course provides students with the fundamental knowledge of and skills relating to environmental science that will help them succeed in life after secondary school. Students will explore a range of topics including the role of science in addressing contemporary environmental challenges, the impact of the environment on human health, sustainable agriculture and forestry, the reduction and management of waste, and the conservation of energy. Students will increase their scientific and environmental literacy and examine the interrelationships between science, the environment and society in a variety of areas.

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic or Applied

 

SVN3E
Environmental Science, Grade 11, Workplace Preparation

This course provides students with the fundamental knowledge of and skills relating to environmental science that will help them succeed in work and life after secondary school. Students will explore a range of topics including the impact of human activities on the environment, human health and the environment, energy conservation, resource science and management, and safety and environmental responsibility in the workplace. Emphasis is placed on relevant, practical applications and current topics in environmental science with attention to the refinement of students’ literacy and mathematical literacy skills as well as the development of their scientific and environmental literacy.
Prerequisite: Science, Grade 9, Academic or Applied, or a Grade 9 or 10 Locally Developed Compulsory Credit (LDCC) course in Science

 

SNC4M
Science, Grade 12, University/College Preparation

This course enables students, including those pursuing post-secondary programs outside the sciences, to increase their understanding of science and contemporary social and environmental issues in health-related fields. Students will explore a variety of medical technologies, pathogens and disease, nutritional science, public health issues and biotechnology. The course focuses on the theoretical aspects of the topics under study and helps refine students’ scientific investigation skills.

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic or any Grade 11 University, University/College, College Preparation course in Science 

 

SNC4E
Science, Grade 12, Workplace Preparation

This course provides students with fundamental science knowledge and workplace skills needed to prepare them for success beyond secondary school. Students will explore hazards in the workplace, chemicals in consumer products, disease and its prevention, electricity at home and at work, and nutritional science. Emphasis is placed on current topics in science and relevant, practical activities that develop students’ literacy and mathematical literacy skills and enhance their scientific literacy.

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10 Applied or a Grade 10 Locally Developed Compulsory Credit (LDCC) course in Science

 

Biology

 

SBI3U
Biology, Grade 11, University Preparation

This course furthers students’ understanding of the processes that occur in biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of biodiversity; evolution; genetic processes; the structure and function of animals; and the anatomy, growth and function of plants. The course focuses on the theoretical aspects of the topics under study and helps students refine skills related to scientific investigation.

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic

 

SBI3C
Biology, Grade 11, College Preparation

This course focuses on the processes that occur in biological systems. Students will learn concepts and theories as they conduct investigations in the areas of cellular biology, microbiology, genetics, the anatomy of mammals, and the structure of plants and their role in the natural environment. Emphasis will be placed on the practical application of concepts, and on the skills needed for further study in various branches of the life sciences and related fields.
Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic or Applied

 

SBI4U
Biology, Grade 12, University Preparation

This course provides students with the opportunity for in-depth study of the concepts and processes that occur in biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of biochemistry, metabolic processes, molecular genetics, homeostasis and population dynamics. Emphasis will be placed on the achievement of detailed knowledge and the refinement of skills needed for further study in various branches of the life sciences and related fields.

Prerequisite: Biology, Grade 11, University Preparation

 

Chemistry

 

SCH3U

Chemistry, Grade 11, University Preparation

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of the properties of chemicals and chemical bonds, chemical reactions and quantitative relationships in those reactions, solutions and solubility, and atmospheric chemistry and the behaviour of gases. Students will further develop their analytical skills and investigate the qualitative and quantitative properties of matter as well as the impact of some common chemical reactions on society and the environment.

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic

 

SCH4U
Chemistry, Grade 12, University Preparation

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of organic chemistry, the structure and properties of matter, energy changes and rates of reaction, equilibrium in chemical systems and electrochemistry. Students will further develop their problem-solving and investigation skills as they investigate chemical processes and will refine their ability to communicate scientific information. Emphasis will be placed on the importance of chemistry in everyday life and on evaluating the impact of chemical technology on the environment.

Prerequisite: Chemistry, Grade 11, University Preparation

 

SCH4C
Chemistry, Grade 12, College Preparation

This course enables students to develop an understanding of chemistry through the study of matter and qualitative analysis, organic chemistry, electrochemistry, chemical calculations and chemistry as it relates to the quality of the environment. Students will use a variety of laboratory techniques, develop skills in data collection and scientific analysis, and communicate scientific information using appropriate terminology. Emphasis will be placed on the role of chemistry in daily life and the effects of technological applications and processes on society and the environment.

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic or Applied

 

Earth and Space Science

 

SES4U
Earth and Space Science, Grade 12, University Preparation

This course develops students’ understanding of Earth and its place in the universe. Students will investigate the properties of and forces in the universe and solar system and analyse techniques scientists use to generate knowledge about them. Students will closely examine the materials of Earth, its internal and surficial processes, and its geological history, and will learn how Earth’s systems interact and how they have changed over time. Throughout the course, students will learn how these forces, processes and materials affect their daily lives. The course draws on biology, chemistry, physics and mathematics in its consideration of geological and astronomical processes that can be observed directly or inferred from other evidence.

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic

 

Physics

SPH3U
Physics, Grade 11, University Preparation

This course develops students’ understanding of the basic concepts of physics. Students will explore kinematics with an emphasis on linear motion, different kinds of forces, energy transformations, the properties of mechanical waves and sound, and electricity and magnetism. They will enhance their scientific investigation skills as they test laws of physics. In addition, they will analyse the interrelationships between physics and technology and consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment.

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic

 

SPH4U
Physics, Grade 12, University Preparation

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of physics concepts and theories. Students will continue their exploration of energy transformations and the forces that affect motion, and will investigate electrical, gravitational and magnetic fields and electromagnetic radiation. Students will also explore the wave nature of light, quantum mechanics and special relativity. They will further develop their scientific investigation skills learning, for example, how to analyse, qualitatively and quantitatively, data relating to a variety of physics concepts and principles. Students will also consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment.

Prerequisite: Physics, Grade 11, University Preparation

 

SPH4C
Physics, Grade 12, College Preparation

This course develops students’ understanding of the basic concepts of physics. Students will explore these concepts with respect to motion; mechanical, electrical, electromagnetic, energy transformation, hydraulic and pneumatic systems; and the operation of commonly used tools and machines. They will develop their scientific investigation skills as they test laws of physics and solve both assigned problems and those emerging from their investigations. Students will also consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment.

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic or Applied